Following Manchester City’s 3-1 victory at Swansea City in the FA Cup last Wednesday, Pep Guardiola’s side won their 15th successive match.
In doing so, they set a new record for an English top-flight club in all competitions, overtaking the 14-game winning runs of Arsenal and Preston North End in 1987 and 1892, respectively.
They have since extended this streak to 17 after great wins over both Tottenham and Everton in the Premier League.
Back in 2017, it was claimed by some that City had secured 20 wins on the trot, between August 26 and December 3 until they eventually lost 2-1 away at Shakhtar Donetsk in the Champions League on December 6.
The bone of contention stemmed from the 12th game in this run; a 0-0 draw against Wolves in the EFL Cup, which saw City progress 4-1 in a penalty shootout.
Here at Stats Perform, we have worked on the basis that a penalty shootout is a method to find a winner of a tie or to decide a tournament/trophy winner, rather than to decide who won an individual match.
The official Laws of the Game, which are the responsibility of the International Football Association Board (IFAB) could be interpreted in other ways, but we have always held the belief that they explain the situation as we understood it.
A high-profile example of why the winner of a penalty shootout cannot be considered the winner of a match is that of the 2011-12 Champions League semi-final tie between Real Madrid and Bayern Munich.
The two sides drew 3-3 on aggregate and it was in the second leg – which Real Madrid won 2-1 on the night – that Bayern Munich progressed to the final with a 3-1 penalty shootout victory.
Based on the assumption that the team to win the shootout wins the match, you would have two winners in a single game; Madrid won 2-1 but also lost because of a 3-1 shootout reverse to Bayern, who lost as well due to suffering a 2-1 defeat in the actual game.
City have been involved in an occasion similar to this in recent times. They won 2-0 at home to Danish club Aalborg in the first leg of their 2008-09 UEFA Cup round of 16 tie, before losing 2-0 away a week later.
City progressed 4-3 following a penalty shootout on the night but lost the actual game 2-0.
Following City’s current phenomenal run of form, the IFAB’s technical director David Elleray spoke to Stats Perform and put the matter to bed, once and for all. He referred to Law 10.2 in the 2020-21 Laws of the Game.
Elleray told Stats Perform: “Law 10 makes it clear that a match is drawn, won or lost according to the number of goals both teams score in ‘normal’ time or in ‘normal’ time plus extra-time.
“‘Away goals’ and ‘kicks from the penalty mark’ (KFPM) [penalty shootouts] are not part of the match itself and are only used to determine a ‘winning team’ where one is required. For KFPM, this is made clear in the next section of Law 10.”
“Thus KFPM (as with ‘away goals’) do not change the result of the match itself as they occur after the match has ended,” added Elleray.
Clearly, we’re not the overlords of the statistics world.
Clubs, competitions and statisticians may choose to deem ‘penalty shootout’ wins as match victories – we can’t change that. What’s important is that terminologies need to be tightened up by those that choose this way of thinking, as there is an important technical difference between a match that’s won in ‘normal’ time (or after extra-time) and one that’s drawn and then ‘won’ as a result of kicks from the penalty mark (penalty shootout).
For example, the latter might constitute part of a ‘winning’ run (general term) but, for some, not necessarily part of a ‘match-winning’ run.
We’d like to thank David Elleray for his time and willingness for his statements to be put on record for publication, hopefully clearing up any confusion about this subject.
It further highlights just what an incredible run of form City are currently enjoying.